The threads or yarns which are used to make a woven fabric are an important part of the finished fabric's quality and performance.
Weaving threads or yarns can be spun from fibres using a number of types of different spinning systems to produce a wide variety of styles and thicknesses. The thicker a yarn the harsher its feel to touch. Conversely, a thinner yarn will be softer to touch but will not have the strength of a coarse yarn and will be more expensive to produce.
There are several measures of the thickness of yarns in textile terminology, but most bedding and linen yarns are described using the English Cotton Count system (ECC or sometimes also known as NE). The ECC yarn count scale was devised hundreds of years ago in England and still survives today. Using ECC, the yarn count is the weight of set length of yarn with a higher number being the finer count.
For those curious readers, the ECC yarn count is the number of 840 yard lengths of yarn per pound. As an example, 30/1 ECC is 30 lengths of 840 yards, which is a total length of 25,200 yards (approx 8,150 metres) which weighs one pound (approx 445 grams). Simple!!
In woven bedding fabrics, the usual coarsest yarn is 30/1 and can go up to 100+ for very fine fabrics. Kelly & Windsor use an exclusive range of fabrics that are manufactured with 40/1, 60/1 and 80/1 yarns.
The choice of the right yarn therefore is an important part of the performance and feel of a fabric. Our fabrics have been specially designed by Kelly & Windsor after extensive testing, and are manufactured to the highest quality levels.